Document Type : Original Paper


1 Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran P.O.Box14515-755, Tehran, Iran.

2 Chemistry Department, Yasouj University, Yasouj 75918-74831, Iran.


The present study focuses on the development of an effective methodology to obtain the optimum removal conditions assisted by ultrasonic to maximize the simultaneous removal of Bismarck Brown (BB) and Thymol Blue (TB) dyes on to TiO2 nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon (TiO2 -NPs-AC) in aqueous solution using response surface methodology (RSM). The experimental equilibrium data were fitted to the conventional isotherm models such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich. The Langmuir isotherm was found to be the best model for the explanation of experimental data.From the Langmuir isotherm, the maximum monolayer capacity (Qmax) was found to be 100 and 50 mg g-1 for BB and TB, respectively at optimum conditions. Kinetic evaluation of experimental data showed that the BB and TB adsorption processes followed well pseudo-second-order.